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White Papers

Bend testing

The bending test serves to investigate the bending behaviour of certain materials such as metals, plastics and fibre composites. With the Zwick universal testing machine all common parameters can be measured, such as: force, deflection, flexural strength, flexural modulus, bending strain.

  • Universal testing machine Zwick 250kN Force range from 20N to 250kN
  • Deflection measurement according to ISO 9513, Class 1
  • Deflection measurement with direct measurement on the sample

Bend testing with metals according DIN EN ISO 7438: 2018-04

Bending experiments with metals are performed for the determination of the bending strength and the maximum bending in case of fracture. For this quasi-static experiment the bending over the traverse way is measured and the bending angle at the first crack determined.

The test procedure is illustrated with a tension-extension-graph. Additionally there is the possibility to capture the experiment with a video camera. Hereby a stamp is pressing centered and parallel to the bearings on the test object.

The average bearing distance is standard-compliant or individually adjusted for the experiment. The bearing radius can come to R2 or R5. Commonly 3-point bend tests are performed.

At the 4-point bend test the charge is produced by a double stamp. By this the force is produced without additional shear forces, what leads to a constant bending moment between the bearing points.

Platelet bending test according VDA 238-100: 2017-06

The platelet bending test according to VDA 238-100 is used to determine the bending angle with the aim of drawing conclusions about the deformation behaviour and the susceptibility to failure of metallic materials in forming processes with dominant bending proportions or under crash loading.

In the platelet bending test, a bending specimen is bent in the test facility without lubricants and on rotatably mounted support rollers until the strength shut-off threshold is reached. Stamp travel and force are measured on the machine side. The bending angle can either be calculated from the feed movement of the bending punch or determined by manual remeasurement.

Destructive tests of welds on metallic materials according to DIN EN ISO 5173: 2012-02

The test is used to perform root-side, top-side transverse and lateral bending tests on test pieces made of butt welds, butt welds with cladding (subdivided into welds in clad plates and in clad welds) and cladding without butt welds fixed, in order to assess the deformability and/or the absence of irregularities at or near the surface of the test piece.

Bend testing with plastics according DIN EN ISO 178: 2019-08

For the characterization of material specific properties of plastics the bend testing amongst others is used. Normally test pieces are produced out of the materials, which should be tested in the injection molding and are tested according to DIN 178 with a 3 point- or 4 point picture. Alternatively test pieces with an appropriate size can be taken from finished parts.

Bend testing with composite materials according DIN EN ISO 14125: 2011-05

For the statistic characterization of fiber-reinforced plastics we offer next to tensile tests also 3- and 4-point-bend tests. At the 3-point bend test the deflection is determined by the traversal pick-up.

The advantage of the 4-point bend test is the shear force free area between the force application points of the double stamp. The deflection is determined with a direct measurement in the middle of the sample between the bearings. Hereby an extensometer with an accuracy class of 0.5 according to EN ISO 9513 is used.

Norm: DIN EN ISO 14125, ASTM D 790, ASTM D 7264, BMW: PR 544, PR500, AA-0630

Bending test according to SAE/USCAR-7-1:2012-07-3

Long-term test for components with and without thread

[Translate to English:] 3-Punkt Biegepruefung Kunststoff
[Translate to English:] Biegeprüfung
[Translate to English:] Biegeprüfung an Metallen
[Translate to English:] Biegeprüfung an Metallen
[Translate to English:] Biegeprüfungen an Verbundwerkstoffen
[Translate to English:] Biegeprüfungen an Verbundwerkstoffen
[Translate to English:] Plättchen Biegeversuch
[Translate to English:] Plättchen- bzw. Rollengelagerter Biegeversuch

Society for Materials Testing
Ensuring quality | Accompanying development | Analyzing damage | Passing on knowledge

GWP Gesellschaft für Werkstoffprüfung mbH
Georg-Wimmer-Ring 25
85604 Zorneding/München

Tel. +49 8106 994110
Fax +49 8106 994111

Handelsregister München
HRB 53245
USt.-IdNr. DE131179893

General Manager
Dr. Julius Nickl