Max Diedering
Metallographer, Management laboratory-Services
Senior-Expert for Metallography & refractometry

+49 8106 9941 14


Simon Löhe
Metallographer, group leader of Laboratory-Services Munich
Expert in failure analysis and metallography
+49 8106 9941 17


Robert Mertel
Graduate Engineer Materials Science
Expert metallic materials & failure analysis

+49 8106 9941 16


Determining the cause of breakage

Fractures are by far one of the most frequent causes of failure.
Therefore, it is of enormous importance in materials engineering to understand the cause of a fracture or crack precisely. The experience of over 40 years of applied failure analysis is available to our customers.

The most important examination method here is fractography. The art of making statements about the failure mechanism on the basis of the fracture surfaces.

By examining the macro-fractographic fracture features (fracture position, deformation, etc.) and the micro-fractographic fracture features (oscillating stripes, secondary cracks, inclusions, etc.), conclusions can be drawn about the cause of the fracture, the fracture outcome and thus the cause of the damage.

The mechanical characterisation of damaged samples, for example via tensile tests or hardness tests, allows a comparison with the specifications and target values of the material. Metallographic examinations can be used to check the microstructure, microstructural defects and heat treatment condition, which have a great influence on the mechanical properties of a component.

Through the expert evaluation of these characteristic values and features, clear statements can usually be made about the existing damage mechanism, as well as conclusions drawn about the damage progression.

Standards: VDI Guideline 3822 Sheets 2 and 3

Society for Materials Testing
Ensuring quality | Accompanying development | Analyzing damage | Passing on knowledge

GWP Gesellschaft für Werkstoffprüfung mbH
Georg-Wimmer-Ring 25
85604 Zorneding/München

Tel. +49 8106 994110
Fax +49 8106 994111

Handelsregister München
HRB 53245
USt.-IdNr. DE131179893

General Manager
Dr. Julius Nickl